What is Ascorbyl Palmitate?
Ascorbyl palmitate is a fat (oil) soluble form of vitamin C that is used as an antioxidant and preservative in foods, vitamins, drugs and cosmetics. Ascorbyl palmitate is an amphipathic molecule, which means one end is water-soluble and the other end is fat-soluble.
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Ascorbyl palmitate is an ester of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Ascorbyl palmitate has an ascorbic acid head and a palmitic acid tail. It can act as a surfactant, and can be used to replace shortening in bread.
Function of Ascorbyl Palmitate in food as an Antioxidant
Ascorbyl Palmitate is a compound composed of of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) and palmitic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid.
- Increases dough’s water absorption by 4%
- Strengthens dough to ease machine handling.
- Has an anti-firming effect; can soften bread crumb
- Increases bread volume
- Reverses the detrimental effects of foreign proteins like defatted soy flour
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Health Benefits of Ascorbyl Palmitate
- is a preventative against stomach cancer and colon cancer.
- reduces the toxic effects of acetaminophen better than ascorbic acid.
- stimulates collagen synthesis at lower doses than ascorbic acid.
- is a powerful free radical scavenger.
FDA regulation on Ascorbyl Palmitate
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Ascorbyl palmitate is regulated GRAS by the FDA in article 21CFR182.3149 in the Code of Federal Regulations. Its allowable use in margarine is not more than 0.02% by weight of the finished food, as regulated by the FDA in article 21CFR166.110 in the Code of Federal Regulations.