Role of Citric Acid in Baking Products – Health Benefits and Side Effects

In This article i will shared the content on the use of Citric acid in baking products like biscuits, cookies, pancakes and breads. Do you know what is citric acid?Why is is being Used in bakery products. Is it is basically an Antioxidant so what is the need of natural antioxidants in biscuits? all your questions will be explaining this post.

Citric acid is used in Baking Products as Acidulent like other acids e.g. tartaric acid, malic acid, acetic acid, vinegar, Sodium acid pyrophosphate etc. Citric acid is artificially extracted from the Lemon fruit or the citrus fruits this is the natural acidulants which is used mostly in food products to increase their shelf life and decrease its deterioration power.

So here i will tell u about the use of citric acid in biscuits, and why we use citric acid in biscuits baking.

What is Citric Acid?

Citric Acid the molecular formula for citric acid is C6H8O7, is naturally found in many fruits, mainly sour fruit such as grapefruits, oranges, limes, lemons, gooseberries, plums, pineapples and peaches.

Therefore, it is a natural acid and doesn’t cause any harm on consumption in limited quantity rather it makes your skin perfect. Although there is no regulations or limits imposed on the use of citric acid in baking products.

Also Read: Use of Acids in Bakery Food Products – Role of Malic Acid

Citric acid used primarily as a flavoring or firming agent. Citric acid, or sour salts, are used in the production of sourdough bread, assisting in creating the distinct sourdough flavor as that of malic acid.

Citric acid sold commercially as a white powdery substance, Citric Acid can also be used as an emulsifying agent. For example, it is added to some ice creams to keep fats from separating. Citric acid is also used in cleaning products because it functions as a  pH manipulator.

Role of Citric Acid in Baking Products – Biscuits & Cookies

  • Citric acid can be used to replace liquid lemon juice or vinegar in recipes to add a sourness.
  • It can easily mix into liquids and will decompose when heated above 174 degrees Celsius or 345.2 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • It can enhance the flavor in a citrus-based recipe.
  • A few shakes of the “sour salt” adds a strong flavor to frostings or glazes.
  • Another popular application is adding it to sourdough or rye breads for a touch of tang. Bread products usually only need a teaspoon or less. Store citric acid in a dry, cool place without exposure to moisture.

Also Read: What is Ascorbyl Palmitate? Its Functions in Food and FDA Regulation

Advantages of Citric Acid – Health Benefits


Defective keratinization leads to dandruff. The cosmetic industry extensively uses citric acid derived chemically from the fermentation process of crude sugars, in hair care products as an anti dandruff agent and in shampoos. Being an anti oxidant, it works to balance the alkaline levels in the body.

Dissolve Kidney Stones

Citric acid, being able to chelate with calcium is a great boon to kidney stone sufferers. Most kidney stones arise from accumulation of excess calcium in the kidneys and citric acid’s ability to bind itself to calcium and remove it from the body is a great deterrent to the painful and unbearable suffering endured by several people due to kidney stones.

Treat Uneven Skin Tone

A Natural Remedy for Sun Tanned Skin

Side Effects of Citric Acid?

Though citric acid in its natural form is considered to have no heavy side effects, several of its supplements are known for harmful side effects.

Several cases of nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhea have been reported from consuming these supplements.

Also Read: Ammonium Bicarbonate – Baker’s Ammonia – Used as an Ingredient

For those with kidney and congestive heart diseases, citric acid supplements are a strict no.

Pregnant women with higher levels of blood potassium and ulcers must take care, as the citric acid content in the supplements may interact with aluminum salts to create a problem.

FDA Regulation

There are no limitations or sanctions on citric acid and it is recognized by the FDA as GRAS. It is classified as a preservative or additive.

I Hope you like the article shared by me, keep visiting this website for more updated on baking and baking ingredients. If you have any doubt or suggestions then leave a comment in comment box below.

Keep visiting and you will get a lot of useful information related to Bakery biscuits and Bakery products.

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