Bakery is one of the ancient science and technology in the world.
Do you Ever thought when Human started Baking? How did they bake in Ancient Time? Who first started baking idea?
How its divided into various products and categories? What are the types of Breads, Types of Biscuits and Types of Cakes manufacturing in the world?
Well, this is the post where you will get all your answers?
Type of Bakery Products
What is Bakery? A Place where breads, Cakes and Biscuits have been manufactured and sale. This is the unit where only baked goods has been manufactured.
What is Baking? Baking is heating or cooking a product without direct exposure to a flame, typically in an oven. Sometimes flames may directly contact with our product but that particularly in hybrid ovens.
Types of Baking
- Baking in Ancient time
- Commercial Baking
Baking in Ancient time
The world’s oldest oven was discovered in Croatia in 2014 dating back 6500 years ago. Bread baking began in Ancient Greece around 600 BC, leading to the invention of enclosed ovens
The first evidence of baking occurred when humans took wild grass grains, soaked them in water, and mixed everything together, mashing it into a kind of broth-like paste.
The paste was cooked by pouring it onto a flat, hot rock, resulting in a bread-like substance.
Later, when humans mastered fire, the paste was roasted on hot embers, which made bread-making easier, as it could now be made any time fire was created.
The Ancient Egyptians baked bread using yeast, which they had previously been using to brew beer.
The art of commercial baking started form Europe and eventually spread to eastern parts of Asia by the 13th century in London, commercial trading, including baking with regulatory affairs.
The leavening agents or the raising agents became popular by the beginning of the 19th century. eg. Baking soda, Ammonium Bicarbonate.
Bakers started baking from home and then they sold baked breads and biscuits at streets to the people.
After opening of first open-air café of baked goods in Paris, baking became an established art throughout the entire world.
Types of Bread and Cakes
Bread is the staple food. Bakeries produce a wide variety of breads including rye, Italian and pumpernickel. Breads are one of the oldest forms of food in the world and are made by baking dough, a flour and water mixture.
Other ingredients such as salt, fat, milk, sugar, baking soda and yeast can be added. Breads come in a variety of forms, including rolls and loaves. Other common ingredients in bread include nuts, seeds and vegetables.
Bread Subdivided into various types:
- Bread is usually made from a wheat-flour dough
- common or bread wheat – High Gluten
- Gluten-free breads
Types of Biscuits:
- Cream Sandwich biscuit (Jammie Dodgers is one of the famous Biscuit brands in UK)
Modern Baking (Commercial Bakery)
Many commercial ovens are equipped with two heating elements: one for baking, using convection and thermal conduction to heat the food, and one for broiling or grilling, heating mainly by radiation.
Commercially, there are three types of Oven for baking:
- Direct fried Oven,
- Indirect Fried Oven,
- Hybrid Oven
I Will explain about ovens in separate post.
Process of Baking:
- Fats melt;
- Gases form and expand
- Microorganisms die
- Sugar dissolves
- Egg, milk, and gluten proteins coagulate
- Starches gelatinize or solidify
- Liquids evaporate
- Caramelization and Maillard browning occur on crust
- Enzymes are inactivated
- Changes occur to nutrients
- Pectin breaks down.
I will explain each and every point of Process of Baking in separate post.
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